Education Level Là Gì

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In the United States, public school usually starts between age 4 and 6 & continues until around age 17 lớn 18. You can also send your children to pre-school at an earlier age. Learn about the different U.S. Education levels, class placement, and grade level placement for students new lớn the USA.

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In the United States, the law requires all children khổng lồ go lớn school. Elementary, middle, and high school are all không tính tiền if your child attends public school. The ages of the students for each grade can vary from state khổng lồ state.

The U.S. Education levels

In the USA, there are 12 grade levels after the first year of kindergarten. The four levels of education are:

Early childhood education

Early childhood education can mean different things. It refers lớn learning that happens before kindergarten. It is not required by law.

Early childhood education includes daycare và preschool. Ages can vary based on the place you choose khổng lồ take your child. Daycare can start a few months after a child is born. Preschool can start as early as age 2.

You usually have to lớn pay for daycare và preschool. There are không tính phí preschool options for low-income families through the Head Start program.

Children in preschool learn how to lớn be with other kids & get ready for kindergarten.

Elementary school

Children begin elementary school with kindergarten (grade K) around age 5. The next year is grade 1 & it goes up each year to grade 5. They finish elementary school around age 10.

Children in elementary school usually learn different subjects from one teacher in a single classroom. They learn khổng lồ develop writing và math skills, reading, critical thinking, & problem-solving.

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Students attending middle school are around age 11 to 13. It starts with grade 6 và ends with grade 8. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have different teachers in one school day.

In middle school, students learn:

English (grammar, spelling, reading comprehension, và sentence structure)Mathematics (fractions, decimals, percents, solving equations)Sciences (earth science, basic biology, basic chemistry concepts)Social studies (civics, government, and basic economics)

In some communities, children will not switch schools to go to lớn middle school. They will keep going to the same elementary school.

High school

Students attending high school are around age 14 to lớn 18. It starts with grade 9 and ends with grade 12. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student usually has different teachers throughout the day.

In high school, students learn:

English (classic literature, essay writing, & critical analysis)Mathematics (algebra, geometry, calculus)Science (biology, chemistry, physics)Social studies (US history, world history, & civics)

Some students can take advanced classes và prepare for work or college.High schools also have clubs, sports, work-study arrangements, & other activities.

There are names for students in each grade:

9th grade: freshman10th grade: sophomore11th grade: junior12th grade: seniorSecondary School

A secondary school is an alternative option to a high school. It covers grades 9th lớn 12th. It offers technical và vocational training, such as carpentry và automotive technology.

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Post-high school education

After getting a high school diploma, students can go khổng lồ college. Students need to lớn find a college or university and learn the requirements. You will have to lớn apply & pay tuition.If you need help paying for college or university, there are scholarships for immigrants và refugees.


Public colleges are also known as thành phố colleges and state colleges. Cities and states fund public colleges.

They have low-cost tuition for students who live in the thành phố or state where the college is located.


Class placement

Students can be split up by their learning màn chơi in different classes. This is more common in middle school & high school when students attend classes by subject with different teachers. Some levels of classes are harder & some are easier.

Class placement can be decided based on:

How well the student understands English or their thử nghiệm scoresParent/guardian recommendationsStandardized demo scoresWillingness lớn complete challenging assignmentsStudent interest or motivationTeacher or counselor recommendationSamples of student work

The names of the classes sometimes describe the cấp độ of difficulty. The names can be different depending on the school.

Classes that are easier or use easier English levels can be called:InclusionBasic skillsClasses at a typical level for the grade can be called:RegularNon-honorsClasses at a higher or advanced level can be called:HonorsGTE (Gifted & talented education)Advanced Placement (AP)IB (International Baccalaureate)

Grade level placement for students new to the USA

Grade màn chơi placement means deciding which grade a student will start in when they move khổng lồ the USA.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written or with an adult reading the questions to lớn the student. It can be different depending on the school.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade màn chơi but bởi vì not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better.

If you think your child is in the wrong grade, you can talk khổng lồ the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested và placed your child.

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Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able lớn change the placement if they agree with your reasons.